logo
Welcome Guest! To enable all features please Login or Register.

Notification

Icon
Error

Login


Options
View
Go to last post Go to first unread
xzbbvfvbh  
#1 Posted : Thursday, March 21, 2019 9:48:14 AM(UTC)
xzbbvfvbh

Rank: Advanced Member

Groups: Registered
Joined: 11/14/2018(UTC)
Posts: 57
China
Location: zhengzhou


Optical lenses used in machine vision can be divided into two broad categories: front-illuminated VUV, UV and IR grade MgF2 optics and back-illuminated optical lenses.
The front illumination optical lens is used to detect the surface features of the object; the back illumination optical lens is used to detect the contour of the object or the purity of the transparent object.
The front illumination optical lens can be divided into a ring light source, a strip light source, a coaxial light source and a square light source according to different structures. At present, ring light sources are more common, including direct illumination ring light source, diffuse reflection ring light source, Dome light source and the like.
Direct illumination of the ring light source, suitable for the detection of non-reflective objects; diffuse reflection ring light source, suitable for the detection of reflective objects;
The Dome Vision Light Source is also a diffuse light source, but it is multi-reflected through the inner wall of the hemisphere type to completely eliminate shadows. Mainly used to detect spherical or curved objects.
Direct illumination of the ring source
According to different illumination angles, direct illumination of the ring light source can be divided into: vertical illumination ring light source, angled ring light source, low angle ring light source and horizontal illumination ring light source. It can be simply understood that the angle between the optical axis of each LED and the ring lamp housing is 0°, 20°, 60° and 90° in sequence (the specific model may vary slightly).
Different lighting angles are available for different inspection requirements. Vertical illumination and angled illumination are bright-field illumination, that is, most of the reflection on the surface of the object to be measured can enter the camera, so the background is white, such as the detection of prominent features on the surface of the object. Low-angle illumination and horizontal illumination are dark-field illumination, that is, most of the reflection on the surface of the measured object does not enter the camera, so the background is black, and only the reflection of the unevenness of the object enters the camera, such as the detection of scratches on the metal surface, background. It is black and the scratch is white. At the same time, the difference between vertical illumination and angled illumination is that the former one is farther away and the latter is closer. The same is true for low-angle ring illumination and horizontal illumination ring illumination. At the same time, the diffuse reflection ring also has direct and low angle points.
Diffuse light source
Low angle diffuse reflective strip light for two applications. One is wide-width detection, two or four bars are used in combination, and the other is line-scan illumination.
Another application is line scan lighting. At present, the number of line scanning projects is gradually increasing. The line scan camera captures one line at a time, and the exposure time is short, which requires high brightness for the zero order/multiple order/achromatic optical waveplate. The visual light source needs to adopt a concentrating type, and it is concentrated on one line, so as to accurately control the image stability. There are several methods commonly used for line scanning illumination: super bright LED + concentrating mirror, fiber + concentrating mirror, high frequency fluorescent lamp + concentrating mirror. Super bright LED + concentrating mirror, long life, needless to say, but the cost is higher, the irradiation distance may be limited; the fiber brightness is high, but the cost is high; the high-frequency fluorescent lamp, the cost is lower, but it needs to change the lamp at a certain time.
Users browsing this topic
Forum Jump  
You cannot post new topics in this forum.
You cannot reply to topics in this forum.
You cannot delete your posts in this forum.
You cannot edit your posts in this forum.
You cannot create polls in this forum.
You cannot vote in polls in this forum.